Cloze Test



Directions (1-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.

Now that he Karnataka election is over, the Centre has finally (1)…………… the courage to submit a draft scheme in the Supreme Court to (2)…………… the final decision on (3)…………… the Cauvery waters among the riparian States. The draft, which gives no name for the authority it (4)…………… to create to monitor implementation of the Cauvery Tribunal’s final award, as (5)…………… by the Supreme Court, has been largely drawn from the Tribunal’s directions. It will be two-tier structure, with an apex body (6)…………… with the power to ensure (7)…………… with the final award, and a regulation committee that will (8)………….. The field situation and water flow. The powers and functions of the authority are fairly (9)…………… its powers would extend to apportionment, regulation and control of Cauvery waters, supervision of operations of reservoirs and (10)…………… of water releases. The draft makes the authority’s decisions final and (11)…………… however, there is an ambiguous clause: if the authority finds that any one of the States is not (12)…………. It can seek the Centre’s help, and the Centre’s decision will be final and binding. This can be seen either as an (13)…………. clause to resolve the situation when there is a stand-off, or as one that gives scope to the Centre to (14)………….. On behalf of one State. To allay apprehensions of the Centre acting in a (15)………….. Manner, it would be better if it is not given the final say, but mandated to help in the implementation of the Tribunal’s award at al times.


  1. Contributed
  2. Mustered
  3. Managed
  4. Developed
  5. Mastered


  1. Regulate
  2. Execute
  3. Implement
  4. Start
  5. Reject


  1. Sanitizing
  2. Proportionate
  3. Distribute
  4. Rationalize
  5. Apportioning


  1. Proposes
  2. Imposes
  3. Offers
  4. Provides
  5. Tries


  1. Institutionalized
  2. Regulated
  3. Sanctioned
  4. Created
  5. Modified


  1. Levied
  2. Charged
  3. Bestowed
  4. Endowed
  5. Provided


  1. Violating
  2. Reliance
  3. Compliance
  4. Confirm
  5. Adopt


  1. Authorize
  2. Statute
  3. Overlook
  4. Monitor
  5. Execute


  1. Comprehensive
  2. Apprehensive
  3. Detrimental
  4. Besieging
  5. Implementing


  1. Control
  2. Empowering
  3. Regulation
  4. Authorizing
  5. Monitoring


  1. Parting
  2. Forcing
  3. Abounding
  4. Enforce
  5. Binding


  1. Cooperative
  2. Combative
  3. Adversarial
  4. Implementer
  5. Mandating


  1. Distressing
  2. Unabling
  3. Enabling
  4. Hostile
  5. Enraging


  1. Acting
  2. Disturb
  3. Interfere
  4. Intervene
  5. Perform


  1. Parting
  2. Partisan
  3. Absurd
  4. Different
  5. Partial


Q1.ans.(b) sol mustered- gathering or assemblage

Q2.ans.(c) sol implement – to bring about; to put into practice

Q3.ans.(e) sol. Apportioning – to divide and distribute portions of a whole

Q4.ans.(a) sol. Proposes – to suggest a plan or course of action

Q5.ans.(e) sol. Modified – changed or altered

Q6.ans.(b) sol. Charged – the scope of someone’s responsibility; someone or something entrusted to one’s care

Q7.ans.(c) sol. Compliance – to yield assent; to agree

Q8.ans.(d) sol. Monitor – to supervise; to watch over

Q9.ans.(a) sol. Comprehensive –broadly or completely covering, including a large proportion of something

Q10.ans.(c)sol. Regulation –the process of controlling or direction according to the law or principle

Q11.ans.(e) sol. Binding – assigning something that one will be held to

Q12.ans.(a) sol. Cooperative – including cooperation between individuals or parties

Q13.ans.(c) sol. Enabling –an act or an instance of something being enabled

Q14.ans.(d) sol. Intervene – to become involved in a situation, so as to alter or prevent an action

Q15.ans.(b) sol. Partisan – devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause


Directions (1-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.

(1)………. To clear the Civil Services preliminary twice in a row had severely (2)……….. Her self-esteem. Now, having bagged 26th rank in her third attempt, Shyama says she started believing in herself again after a marathon she (3)………. Completed last year. This electronics engineer from Beypore, Kozhikide, began to (4)……… Civil Services (5)………. Once she started working as a design consultant in Deloitte, Bengalure. She (6)………. For the prelims twice and (7)…….. missed being (8)……… the second time. “I was (9)……… and had to do something to (10)……… myself. I always wanted to run a marathon and it was the right time,”Ms,Shyama said. She (11)……… for the marathon for three months and completed the 21km Bangalore midnight Marathon in 2017. “I (12)………. That I could do anything if I put my mind into it. “She prefers a career in the Indian Foreign Service. “Most of India’s problems need (13)………. Solutions.” IFS, with the (14)………. and opportunity to travel it provides, will make her a (15)………. Person, she feels.


  1. Aim
  2. Success
  3. Failure
  4. Achievement
  5. Dream


  1. Effected
  2. Affected
  3. Drowned
  4. Sank
  5. Shoot up


  1. Completely
  2. Thoroughly
  3. Selflessly
  4. Unfortunately
  5. Successfully


  1. Nurse
  2. Feed
  3. Generate
  4. Form
  5. Evolve


  1. Truths
  2. Hopes
  3. Dreams
  4. Tatgets
  5. Realities


  1. Failed
  2. Targeted
  3. Qualified
  4. Entered
  5. Appeared


  1. Oftern
  2. Completely
  3. Barely
  4. Fortunately
  5. Randomly


  1. Running up
  2. Announced
  3. Participated
  4. Applied
  5. Shortlisted


  1. Confused
  2. Assaulted
  3. Exhausted
  4. Devastated
  5. Perplexed


  1. Boost
  2. Boast
  3. Ruin
  4. Shock


  1. Trained
  2. Backed
  3. Supported
  4. Held
  5. Utilized


  1. Defined
  2. Realized
  3. Thought
  4. Imagined
  5. Fantasized


  1. Cosmopolitan
  2. Complete
  3. Practical
  4. Global
  5. Theoretical


  1. Way
  2. Chance
  3. Exposure
  4. Torture
  5. Happiness


  1. Best
  2. Better
  3. Worse
  4. Annoying
  5. Kind


Q1.ans.(c) sol. Failure – state or condition of not meeting a desirable or intended objective; opposite of success; as the further part of the sentence reflects the negative tone, ‘failure’ should fill the blank accordingly.

Q2.ans.(b) sol. Affected– influenced or changed by sank- to descend or submerge into a liquid shoot up- to grow up rapidly

Q3.ans.(e) sol. Successfully – in a successful manner

Q4.ans.(a) sol. Nurse – to foster; the girl began to nurse the hopes of achieving the Civil Services.

Q5.ans.(b) sol. Hopes – expectations; as the girl began to nurse or develop the dream to achieve the Civil Services, the hopes were developed into her mind.

Q6.ans.(e) sol. Appeared- to seem to take the exam is to appear into it.

Q7.ans.(a) sol. Barely- hardly; as the girl failed to qualify the exam for the second time too, ‘barely’ is the word that fits into the context.

Q8.ans.(e) sol. Shortlisted-qualified

Q9.ans.(d)sol. Devastated – extremely upset or shocked; the girl failed two times and felt shocked

Q10.ans.(a) sol. Boost– to push from behind; to help or encourage

Q11.ans.(a) sol. Trained– manipulated in shape or habit; the girl trained herself to succeed into the marathon to boost her self-esteem.

Q12.ans.(b) sol. Realized – actualized

Q13.ans.(d) sol. Global – which has to be considered in its entirety(here)

Q14.ans.(c) sol. Exposure –the condition of being uncovered; the girl wanted to join Civil Services with the view of having exposure and opportunity it provides.

Q15.ans.(b) sol. Better – improved


Directions (1-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.

In sentencing the man to imprisonment for the rest of his (1)……….life for the murder of a 16-year-old girl in 2013, a Special Court in Boston has (2)……….faith in the criminal justice system. Two aides who facilitated the crime have been sentenced to 20 years in prison. At a time when these offences against women and minor girls are being reported with (3)……….regularity, a (4)……….of this sort reinforces public (5)……….holding powerful and (6)……….heads of social institutions is not easy in this country, given the wide public support and political (7)……….they enjoy. Fortunately, neither the investigators nor the (8)……….in the case of the 77-year-old Andry LInston, who named himself Tom, seem to have been overawed by his large following or (9)……….by his (10)……………supporters. High-ranking police officers received letters and phone calls (11)……….them and their families with (12)……….consequences, and witnesses were killed or attacked in the course of the and trial. Against this backdrop, it took courage and determination for the victim and her family to seek justice. The facts are chilling. The victim’s parents, who were Tom’s residential school at Alley Street to his home, near Boston, (13)……… exorcise ‘evil spirits’ that had possessed her. The parents were asked to leave, and the girl had to be alone with him. She was sexually assaulted and then murdered. Fortunately, her father (14)………to get a police complaint registered. It was later (15)……….to Boston.


  1. Bogus
  2. Pure
  3. Natural
  4. Artificial
  5. Complete


  1. Reinvigorated
  2. Rejuvenises
  3. Resists
  4. Recovered
  5. Rescind


  1. Continuing
  2. Benumbing
  3. Ghastly
  4. Weak
  5. Gruesome


  1. Vendetta
  2. Verdict
  3. Vindictive
  4. Decision
  5. Judging


  1. Reliability
  2. Dependence
  3. Mistrust
  4. Trust
  5. Truth


  1. Demanding
  2. Commending
  3. Remarkable
  4. Entrusting
  5. Influential


  1. Patronage
  2. Favorable
  3. Partiality
  4. Hope
  5. Freedom


  1. Protestor
  2. Conspirator
  3. Prosecutors
  4. Supporters
  5. Persuaders


  1. Initiated
  2. Intimated
  3. Intimidated
  4. Intrigued
  5. Initialized


  1. Baffled
  2. Benumb
  3. Bedlam
  4. Belligerent
  5. Benign


  1. Irritating
  2. Endangered
  3. Threatening
  4. Annoying
  5. Exasperating


  1. Dire
  2. Weak
  3. Good
  4. Tough
  5. Disgust


  1. Completely
  2. Variably
  3. Ostensibly
  4. Clearly
  5. Immediately


  1. Directed
  2. Managed
  3. Handled
  4. Achieved
  5. Supported


  1. Directed
  2. Handled
  3. Regulated
  4. Transcended
  5. Transferred


Q1.ans.(c) sol. Natural life – the expected span of a person’s life or a thing’s existence under normal circumstances.

Q2.ans.(a) sol. Reinvigorated – revitalized rescind – to finish the law

Q3.ans.(a)sol. Benumbing – making numb or dead ghastly-horrifying


Q4.ans.(b) sol. Verdict – final judgment

Vendetta –a bitter, destructive feud normally between two families

Vindictive – revengeful

Q5.ans.(d) sol. Trust – faith; hope

Q6.ans.(e) sol. Influential-that can create effect or can influence

Q7.ans.(a) sol. Patronage– the act of providing approval and support; backing

Q8.ans.(c) sol. Prosecutors– those who prosecute

Q9.ans.(b)sol. Intimidated- to be feared

Intrigued- a clandestine or complicated plot or scheme; stratagem

Intimated-closely acquainted; familiar

Q10.ans.(d)sol. Belligerent- engaged in war

Bedlam- chaotic situation

Benign- kind; gentle

Q11.ans.(c) Threatening- that threatens

Exasperating- irritating

Q12.ans.(a)sol. Dire- urgent; awful

Q13.ans.(c)sol. Ostensibly- pretentiously; apparently; seemingly

Q14.ans.(b) sol. Managed- directed (but directed can’t be used here because it doesn’t go with the context of the statement)

Q15.ans.(e)sol. Transferred- transmitted


Directions (1-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.

Elaborate arrangements have been made to prevent any untoward (1) with tight security at all public places, government offices, residences and offices of BJP leaders, Secretariat and other (2) places. The emergency services are (3) from the (4). The educational institutions declared holiday on Monday. While private transport like auto may be off the road, the RC is yet to take a call. At a review meeting with police and other officials, Mr. Naidu said the State was (5) through troubled (6). At this (7), the people should not be put to (8). The protests should be (9) and organized in New Delhi. Innovative protests such as working an hour extra in a day would be helpful to the State, he said. Samiti leader Chalasani Srinivas said the bandh was in protest against the Central government’s indifference and (10) what the BJP staged the day-long fast across the country for.


  1. Accidents
  2. Incidents
  3. Scenarios
  4. Happenings
  5. Mishappening


  1. Numerable
  2. Invulnerable
  3. Infallible
  4. Vulnerable
  5. Innumerable


  1. Exempted
  2. Accepted
  3. Excepted
  4. Debarred
  5. Kept away


  1. Winding up
  2. Killing
  3. Fired off
  4. Stopping
  5. Shut down


  1. Sinking
  2. Drowning
  3. Sailing
  4. Wetting
  5. Sank


  1. Rivers
  2. Streams
  3. Oceans
  4. Seaways
  5. Waters


  1. puncture
  2. Gap
  3. Juncture
  4. Connection
  5. Point


  1. Hardship
  2. Courtship
  3. Soft ship
  4. Smoothness
  5. Calmness


  1. Renovated
  2. Inventive
  3. Managed
  4. Innovative
  5. Regulatory


  1. Wandered
  2. Wondered
  3. Amazed
  4. Astonished
  5. Imagined


Q1.ans.(b)sol. Incidents- an event or occurrence

Q2.ans.(d)sol. Vulnerable-defenseless

Q3.ans.(a)sol. Exempted-free from a duty or obligation

Q4.ans.(e)sol. Shut down-to close, terminate

Q5.ans.(c)sol. Sailing- navigation

Q6.ans.(e)sol. waters-water body

Q7.ans.(c)sol. Juncture- a place where things join

Q8.ans.(a)sol. Hardship- hard times

Q9.ans.(d)sol. Innovative- forward looking

Q10.ans.(b)sol. Wondered- something that causes amazement or awe

Direction (11-15): in each of the questions given below a sentence is given which is then divided into five parts out of which one bold part is correct. There are no errors in three out of four remaining parts and therefore only one of the parts (other than the bold one) is incorrect. You must choose the grammatically incorrect part as your answer.

Q11. I will ensure that residents(A)/ of the village came out of poverty by providing(B)/ employment opportunities(C) to at least one (D)/ person in each family(E)

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  4. E
  5. No error

Q12. The burglary came(A)/ to light when(B)/ they returned(C)/home at(D)/ Sunday morning(E).

  1. A
  2. C
  3. D
  4. E
  5. No error

Q13. The accused were (A)/ produced before a (B)/ local court at(C)/ Kukatpally and sent (D)/ to judicial remand (E).

  1. A
  2. C
  3. D
  4. E
  5. No error

Q14. Four people have been (A)/ arrested in connection(B)/ with a clashing between (C)? Members of a Dalit outfit (D)/ and Hindu groups (E).

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. No error

Q15. The police suspect (A)/ that she was held (B)/ captive, tortured(C)/ and raped over (D)/ in a period of time (E).

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  4. E
  5. No error


Q11. Ans.(a) sol. ‘of the village come out of poverty by providing’ as the sentence is in present from of tense

Q12. Ans.(c) sol. ‘home on’ is the correct preposition

Q13. Ans.(e) sol. No error

Q14. Ans. (c) sol. ‘with a clash between’ the correct usage

Q15. Ans. (d) sol. ‘a period of time’ as in is superfluous here


Directions (1-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.

Fintech firms have (1)……. Across LAC, offering solutions to key challenges in the region’s financial sector. Cumplo offers a digital (2)…….. Connecting investors and borrowers, often those who are not (3)……. Credit-worthy by formal financial institutions “we allow investors to decide directly who they are going to lend their money to, while borrowers, such as small businesses, can borrow money directly from a (4)…….. of investors, “explains Cumplo founder Mr. Shea. By connecting investors and borrowers, the model eliminates bank (5)……costs, allowing investors to charge lower rates to borrowers. Cumplo (6)……. This at 19-20% per annum (pa) for short term (7)……. (Usually two months), (8)……… with 30-36% pa (9)…….. by a bank. Over the past six years, over US$300m worth of loans have been (10)……… on their platform, he says. Emerging fintech firms are providing digital financial services, including savings and credit products, to millions of people without access to formal financial services. One example is Nubank, which (11)……. To reach the 60m people in Brazil who do not have a bank account but own smart phones and are (12)……. On social media. Nubank’s founder, Mr Velez, explains that (13)…….. all service fees, including for money transfers, encourages greater (14)…….. of these services—a factor that often (15)……… those in low-income groups from using formal financial services.


  1. Developed
  2. Sprouted
  3. Encouraged
  4. Consolidated
  5. Inclined


  1. Stage
  2. Dias
  3. Base
  4. Platform
  5. Purview


  1. Calculated
  2. Estimated
  3. Included
  4. Excluded
  5. Considered


  1. Treasure
  2. Savings
  3. Pool
  4. Funds
  5. Collection


  1. Intermediation
  2. Intermittent
  3. Intervention
  4. Interstatute
  5. Interconnecting


  1. Identifies
  2. Considers
  3. Takes
  4. Estimates
  5. Regulates


  1. Advancing
  2. Financial
  3. Commercializing
  4. Capitalizing
  5. Financing


  1. Contrasted
  2. Calculated
  3. Compared
  4. Considered
  5. Indentified


  1. Charged on
  2. Charged of
  3. Charged at
  4. Charged
  5. Charged as


  1. Circulated
  2. Provided
  3. Donated
  4. Collected
  5. Caught


  1. Aims
  2. Sets
  3. Goals
  4. Calls
  5. Dreams


  1. Circulating
  2. Popular
  3. Regulating
  4. Dormant
  5. Active


  1. Charging
  2. Eliminating
  3. Selecting
  4. Taking
  5. Initiating


  1. Minimization
  2. Maximization
  3. Utilization
  4. Circulation
  5. Renovation


  1. Deters
  2. Confers
  3. Constraints
  4. Abstains
  5. Incites


Q1. Ans.(b)

Sol. Sprouted-grown up. Thus, option (b) is correct.

Q2. Ans.(d)

Sol. ‘platform’ is the best suited alternative here as Cumplo offers a platform which connects the investors with borrowers. ‘Cumplo offers a digital (2) platform (a) place or opportunity to express) connecting investors and borrowers’.

Purview-enacting part of statute

Q3. Ans.(e)

Sol. Considered-to think about seriously

Q4. Ans.(c)

Sol. Pool-a supply of resources

Q5. Ans.(a)

Sol. Intermediation-intervention; an act of coming between

Intermittent-stopping and starting at intervals

Internment-confinement with narrow limits

Interstatute-(it is an incorrect word)

Interconnecting-connecting internally (in between)

Q6. Ans(d)

Sol. Estimates-a general idea of the size, value or cost of


Sol. Financing-to provide funds/finance for

Q8. Ans.(c)

Sol. Compared-to assess the similarities and differences of two or more things

Contrasted-to differentiate between two objects

Q9. Ans.(d)

Sol. Charged-levied

Q10. Ans.(b)

Sol. Provided-given

Q11. Ans.(a)

Sol. Aims-to set target

Q12. Ans.(e)

Sol. Active-up and doing…. (People in Brazil are active on social media through smart phones)

Q13. Ans.(b)

Sol. Eliminating-excluding

Q14. Ans.(c)

Sol. Utilization-the act of using something

Q15. Ans.(a)

Sol. Deters-to prevent something from happening


Directions (1-10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which had been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five options are suggested, one of which either replaces the blank appropriately or there will be ‘no change required’. Find out the appropriate word that should be fit in the blank. In case, there is no correction required, mark option (e) as your answer.

Six cities in the U.K. will take part in the first-ever ‘National Samosa Week’ next month where participants will make, sell, and eat the popular Indian snack to (1) (spend)……… money for charity. The event, to be organized from April 9 to 13, is the brainchild of a Leicester-based media personality who believes that the popularity of the triangular-shaped (2) (favoury)…….. snack (3)(transcends)……… all barriers and can become a means to unite different communities in the U.K. the triangle-shaped delicacy is said to (4)(formed)……. From the idle East and was eaten by travelling merchants. It is likely that this is how the tasty parcels made their way to other parts of the world including India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. This triangle-shaped delicacy is said to originate from the Middle East and was eaten by travelling merchants. It is likely that this is how the tasty (5)(pockets)……… made their way to other parts of the world including India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The (6)(proceeds)……… from the sale in Leicester will to two charities – mental health charity LAMP and Care of Police Survivors (COPS), which is (7)(involved)……… to helping the families to police officers who have lost their lives in the line of duty. In 2016, he founded the ‘Leicester Curry Awards’ to celebrate the hundreds of curry houses in the city with their (8)(startup)…….. in the Indian subcontinent. Some of the winners of the National Samosa WEEk’s prize draw will win tickets to the Leicester Curry Awards 2018, to be held in Leicester on April 22 where over 30 of the city’s (9)(selected)…….. Restaurants will (10)(debate)…….. for the top prize.


  1. Alleviate
  2. Raise
  3. Descend
  4. Shoot up
  5. Non change required


  1. Savoury
  2. Cuisined
  3. Dessert
  4. Tasteless
  5. No change required


  1. Descends
  2. Proceeds
  3. Followed
  4. Beats
  5. No change required


  1. Evolute
  2. Transmit
  3. Formed
  4. Originate
  5. No change required


  1. Courier
  2. Parcels
  3. Package
  4. Transformation
  5. Non change required


  1. Amount
  2. Collection
  3. Hoard
  4. Money
  5. No change required


  1. Committed
  2. Indulged
  3. Fallen into
  4. Dedicated
  5. No change required


  1. Roots
  2. Foundation
  3. Fundamentals
  4. Originate
  5. No change required


  1. Merited
  2. Demerit
  3. Shortlisted
  4. Listed
  5. Non change required


  1. Contrast
  2. Fight
  3. Compete
  4. Contradict
  5. No change required


Q1.ans.(b); raise- is the perfectly fit word here as the they are talking about charity. So, amount is always ‘raised’ for the charity rather than ‘spent’ on it

Q2. Ans.(a); savoury- Is the most suited as here, the snack ‘samosa’ is talked about which is ‘savoury’ instead of a ‘favoruy’. Thus, ‘savoury’ will come here.

Q3. Ans.(e); No Correction Required

Q4. Ans.(d); originate- is the appropriate answer because here we are talking about the origin of the delicacy ‘Samosa’.

Q5. Ans.(b); parcels- should come here as Samosa as a ‘parcel’ made it s way to other parts of world including India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Q6. Ans.(e); No Correction Required

Q7. Ans.(d); dedicated- is the best fit answer here as the charity has been done to help the poor families, which is a sort of dedication. Hence, ‘dedicated’ is the best suited answer here.

Q8. Ans.(a); roots- should come here. Consider this “he founded the ‘Leicester Curry Awards’ to celebrate the hundreds of curry houses in the city with their (8) (startup)……. In the Indian subcontinent”. ‘Start up’ doesn’t suit as this is business used term. Thus ‘roots’ should come here.

Q9. Ans.(c); shortlisted- is the appropriate answer here. Consider this.. ‘to the held in Leicester on ‘April 22 where over 30 of the city’s ‘shortlisted’ restaurants will ………..’

Q10. Ans. (c); compete- is the correct answer. There is always a competition between two parties for a contest rather than debate or fight.

Directions (11-15): In each of the questions given below a sentence is given with one blank. Below each sentence FOUR words are given out of which two can fit the sentence. Five options are given with various combinations of these words. You have to choose the combination with the correct set of words which can fit in the given sentence.

Q11. I’m tried of people saying I chickened out and didn’t build a rocket. I’m tired of that stuff. I ………… and did it.

  1. Manned up
  2. Unscrewed up
  3. Inoperated
  4. A-B
  5. C-D
  6. D-A
  7. B-D

Q12. He’s seen a flurry of reaction to his plans, with detractors labeling him a crackpot for planning the launch in a home-made ……. And his belief that the world is flat.

  1. Contrivance
  2. Formation
  3. Invention
  4. Contraption
  5. A-B
  6. C-D
  7. B-C
  8. B-D
  9. A-D

Q13. The museum director said the robot would be able to rotate its head by 28 degrees and make …….. with its hands.

  1. Positions
  2. Postures
  3. Gestures
  4. Signs
  5. A-B
  6. B-C
  7. C-D
  8. A-D
  9. A-C

Q14. The reasons for agricultural ……… have changed quite dramatically in recent years.

  1. Comfort
  2. Distress
  3. Development
  4. Trouble
  5. B-C
  6. C-D
  7. B-D
  8. A-D
  9. A-C recent years though, it is surplus output and ……… prices that have decimated farm incomes more often.

  1. Compensating
  2. Rewarding
  3. In remunerative
  4. Reward less
  5. A-D
  6. B-D
  7. A-C
  8. C-D
  9. A-B


Q11. Ans.(a); A-B

Q12. Ans.(e); A-D

Q13. Ans.(b); B-C

Q14. Ans.(c); B-D

Q15. Ans.(d);C-D


Directions (1-10): in the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate pair of words in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement. Both the pair must fill the blank.

The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector has given a…(1)….rating for the ….(2)….rolled out for them in the Budget. Deputy Chief Minister and Finance Minister, O. Panneerselvam, during his Budget speed=ch, said, “the Tamil Nadu Transparency in Tenders Act will be suitably…(3)….to make 25% purchase preference to MSMEs mandatory in the …(4)…by government and State public sector undertakings. The Finance Minister also announced that for constructing MSME units, plot coverage will be increased uniformly to 75% across the State and the Floor Space Index (FSI) will be ….(5)…increased to facilitate…(6)…use of the allotted space. He added, “SIDCO will construct multi-storey worksheds for micro units at a cost of = 30 crore at the Ambattur Industrial Estate. In necessary places, workers’ hostels will be constructed by SIDCO to provide accommodation at …(7)…cost to MSMEs, and will be launched shortly. G.K. Basha, senior vice president, industrial Estate Manufacturers Association, welcomed the announcements. But he was disappointed that no steps were taken for the …(9)… of the sick and closed units. Most of the MSME associations…(10)… the same.

Source: The Hindu

Q1. Has given a…..rating for

  1. Negative
  2. Similar
  3. Particular
  4. Positive
  5. Neutral

Q2.for the …..rolled out for them

  1. Goodies
  2. Baddies
  3. Fortunes
  4. Favors
  5. Opportunities

Q3.will be suitably….. to make 25%

  1. Changed
  2. Amended
  3. Recommended
  4. Increased
  5. Decreased

Q4. Mandatory in the … the government

  1. Purchase
  2. obscurement
  3. acquisition
  4. procurement
  5. resentment

Q5. Will be….increased

  1. independently
  2. suitably
  3. exactly
  4. drastically
  5. appropriately

Q6. To facilitate……use of the

  1. best
  2. worst
  3. optimum
  4. advantage
  5. disadvantage

Q7. Accommodation at……cost to

  1. cheaper
  2. affordable
  3. costlier
  4. unaffordable
  5. luxury being…..for MSMEs

  1. customized
  2. altered
  3. changed
  4. accustomed
  5. restrained

Q9. For the…..of the sick

  1. rehabilitation
  2. accommodation
  3. internment
  4. commotion
  5. reproachment

Q10. Associations….the same

  1. uttered
  2. altered
  3. echoed
  4. reflected
  5. inflected


Q1. Ans.(e)sol. Neutral-Not taking sides in a conflict such as war; nonaligned

Q2. Ans.(a)sol. Goodies-a good character in a story, often a hero

Q3. Ans.(b) sol. Amended-that has been modified from a previous form

Q4. Ans.(d) sol. Procurement-the act of obtaining or procuring Obsurement-the act of obscuring(difficult to understand)

Q5. Ans.(e)sol. Appropriately-in an appropriate manner; suitably

Q6. Ans.(c) sol. Optimum-the best or most favorable condition

Q7. Ans.(b) sol. Affordable-able to be afforded

Q8. Ans.(a) sol. Customized- to build or change according to personal preference or specifications

Q9. Ans.(a) sol. Rehablitation-the act of restoring or repairing or returning Reproachment-the upbraiding criticism or rebuke

Q10. Ans.(c) sol. Echoed-sympethatic recognition; response; answer

Direction (10-15): there are two different sentences with a blank space in each question. Choose the word from the given options which fits into both the blanks appropriately adding a proper and logical meaning to the sentences.

Q11.(I) jack sleeps with his headphones on to…. The nightly noise that comes from his neighbor’s house.

(II) leaders from countries all over the world meet at the United Nations to ….. hostility between nations.

  1. Strengthen
  2. Accentuate
  3. Attenuate
  4. Exaggerate

Q12. (I) when I learned the airline had lost my luggage, I became….. and screamed at the counter attendant.

(II) Suraj-ud-Dowalh,… his breach of neutrality within his own dominions, took the side of the French.

  1. Perplexed
  2. Dwindled
  3. Thwarted
  4. Exasperated
  5. Ebullient

Q13. (I) 380 founded a hospital in Rome with a…..home attached, and devoted herself and her fortune to the care of the sick poor.

(II) The public buildings include, the Clark hospital, the Victioria infirmary……home and the Stevenson institute and mechanics’ library.

  1. Condolence
  2. Convalescent
  3. Concoction
  4. Concavation
  5. Convergence

Q14. (I) Racism thrives because the silence of the majority, and their reluctance to stand up and be counted quietly…..(s) it!

(II) He does not….breaking laws, even if the laws are ones that he disagrees with.

  1. Condone
  2. Condemn
  3. Ignore
  4. Forgive
  5. Remember

Q15.(I) he had no particular destination, but his…. Brought him to a hillside overlooking the new high school complex.

(II) for eight months of the year the Jumna shrinks to the dimensions of a mere rivulet, ……through a waste of sand.

  1. Wandering
  2. Faltering
  3. Trekking
  4. Smothering
  5. Meandering


Q11. Ans.(d) sol. Attenuate-to weaken

Q12. Ans.(d) sol. Exasperated-irritated Dwindled-decreased, shrinked or reduced in size Thwarted-prevented

Q13. Ans.(b) convalescent-recovering one’s health and strength after a period of illness

Q14. Ans.(a)sol. Condone-to overlook

Q15. Ans.(e) sol. Meandering-rambling


Directions (1-10): in the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate pair of words in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement. Both the pair must fill the blank.

As awareness on (1)….. Tiger spreads, there are always (2)…..stories that we come by. Here’s one such. For years, Mogiyas, the traditional hunter-gatherer (3)…… in Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, had been (4)…… to poachers. For the tribe, it was very (5)….. Since the “reward” one tiger skin ran to several thousand rupees. However, this came to an (6)….. End when more than a decade ago the Rajasthan police (7)….. poaching gangs following a tip off from a non-government organization (NGO). The number of tigers in the region went up (8)…. In the following years. However, there was still the question of continuing to keep the tribe off tigers – which essentially meant providing the children a chance at life away from poaching. The same NGO stepped in with support from the Forest Department. It set up an educational (9)…. And encouraged the Mogiya children to go school, all the while helping them learn (10)….. Skills such as block printing and stitching from experts in the area.


  1. Protection/saving
  2. Conservation/preservation
  3. Hunting/killing
  4. Nurture/nourishing
  5. Captivating/subduing


  1. Cordial/friendly
  2. Concocted/false
  3. Heart-warning/sympathetic
  4. Cock and Bull/unbelievable
  5. Comic/amusing


  1. Society/organization
  2. Tribe/group
  3. Board/committee
  4. Union/coalition
  5. Junction/intersection


  1. Servants/slaves
  2. Informants/folder
  3. Workers/labourers
  4. Followers/fans
  5. Admirers/Devotees


  1. Unprofitable/losing
  2. Elucidative/explanatory
  3. Lucrative/profitable
  4. Superfluous/extraneous
  5. Lucid/clear


  1. Appropriate/suitable
  2. Peculiar/odd
  3. Demonstrative/displaying
  4. Apparent/clear
  5. Unyielding/stubborn


  1. Associated/organized
  2. Connected/joined
  3. Abridged/curtailed
  4. Created/formed
  5. Busted/broken


  1. Eventually/ultimately
  2. Dramatically/effectively
  3. Thoroughly/completely
  4. Especially/particularly
  5. Actually/really


  1. Project/assignment
  2. Venture/undertaking
  3. Target/goal
  4. Survey/prospect
  5. Excursion/tour


  1. Additional/supplemental
  2. Conventional/ordinary
  3. Incredible/unbelievable
  4. Great/important
  5. Mediocre/ordinary


  1. Each bus is equipped with four panic buttons that cover the entire length of the vehicle.
  2. On-board announcements and LED display boards will announce that the bus is equipped with the alarm system
  3. Meanwhile, the conductor will identify the location of the button being pressed and intervene.
  4. On hearing the alarm, the driver would stop the bus.
  5. If any of the buttons is pressed, a loud beeping alarm will be activated for 40 seconds, during which time it cannot be deactivated,” the official explained.
  6. BCDEA
  7. BEADC
  8. BAECD
  9. BAEDC
  10. ABDCE


  1. He triumphed over front-runners the Shape of Water and Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri.
  2. This is the first Oscar win for the actor-turned-director, who was also nominated in the Best Director category for the horror film about a young African-America, who visits his girlfriend’s parents for the weekend and realizes there is something wrong going on there.
  3. Other nominees in the category were The Big Sick and Lady Bird.
  4. He also thanked the film’s team, his wife, mother and “ to everybody who went and saw this movie.
  5. Mr. peele was a surprise winner at the otherwise predictable award ceremony.
  6. ABDCE
  7. BACED
  8. ECABD
  9. CDEAB
  10. EDCBD
  11. EACBD


  1. It was an image of a cow’s face with black spots and it made her instantly fall in love with the animal.
  2. Some of them were a collage of photographs, and some involved a digitally printed cow on a photograph of a landscape.
  3. She loves digital printing and thinks that a cow is the most wonderful creature.
  4. Her obsession with cows started with a photograph that her husband George showed her long ago.
  5. She loves it when she spots cows on the streets. Bina’s works have digitally by bina, in both acrylic and oil paints.
  6. CADEB
  7. CADBE
  8. CDAEB
  9. DACEB
  10. DCABE


  1. The students sat with bated breath. The atmosphere was electrifying as the students waited for the Bharatanatyam performance to begin.
  2. She was accompanied by Preethy Maheshwar (vocal support), Nithyakalyani Vaidyanathan (nattuvangam), Sakthivel Muruganandam ( mridangam) and N. Sigamani (violin).
  3. And this time it was the classical Bharatanatyam dance, Priyadarshini Govind.
  4. It was that time of the year when, my school Satya Surabi attuvampatti, kodaikanal, a school founded to educate disadvantaged rural children of the Palani Hills, hosted a dance performance, sponsored by SPIC MACAY, a Society for promotion of Indian Classical Music and Culture Among Youth.
  5. The compact hall was filled to its maximum capacity, with students from saantham school, Bhavan’s Vidyashram, Praak Foundation, Kodaikanal Public School and my School Satys Surabhi.
  6. ADCBE
  7. ACDEB
  8. ACDEB
  9. ABCDE
  10. AEDBC


  1. Nominal income of the agriculture sector has hardly grown in the last three years.
  2. In our zest for stock markets and global business, we should not forget the farmers.
  3. They had brought this fact to the notice of our government in the Gujarat elections.
  4. It was expected that there would be strong focus in the Budget on rural and the agriculture sector.
  5. Interestingly, consumption as well as demand for rural housing.
  6. DEBCA
  7. DBCAE
  8. BDACE
  9. DABCE
  10. BADEC



Sol. ‘conservation’ is the most appropriate word as spreading of awareness is to conserve the tigers.

Q2. Ans.(c)

Sol. As we are talking about the conservation of tigers, so there would always be ‘heart-warming’ stories related to it.

Q3. Ans.(b)

Sol. ‘Tribe’ is the most suitable answer here as the sentence is talking about the Mogiyas which is a tribe. Moreover, the sentence stats with ‘for years, Mogiyas…..’. hence it can be inferred from it that passage is talking about the tribe.

Q4. Ans.(b)

Sol. ‘informants’ is the most appropriate answer here because the second line of the passage is informing about the Mogiyas tribe who are the informants to the poachers.

Informant-the one who informs some one of something.

Q5. Ans(c)

Sol. ‘Lucrative’ means profitable. Hence ‘lucrative’ is the most suitable entry here. Look at the sentence ‘for the tribe, it was very …… since the “reward” one tiger skin ran to several thousand rupees.’ they are talking about the reward of thousand rupees. Therefore, lucrative/profitable should come here.

Q6. Ans.(d)

Sol. The blank should be filled with ‘apparent/clear’ as it says that ‘However. It (the practice of poaching) came to apparent/clear end….’ When a decade ago, Rajasthan police tool a serious action against it.

Q7. Ans.(e)

Sol. ‘Busted/broken’ should come here as when the Rajasthan price took action against poaching, the malpractice of it got busted/broken.

Abridged/curtailed means to cut off.

Q8. Ans.(b)

Sol. ‘dramatically’ is the correct option here because it is explained previously that when the higher took acton against poaching, the number of tigers dramatically/effectively went up.

Especially, eventually, actually or thoroughly can’t come here because we are talking about the number of tigers which effectively went up.

Q9. Ans.(a)

Sol. ‘Project’ perfectly fits here it is explained that the authorities took further action to educate the Mogiyas tribe’s children and make them to go to school. So, it was a project that was launched to make them learn the additional skills of stitching and printing etc.

Venture is a corporate term.

Setting up a school to make someone learn additional

Skills can’t be a target/goal.

Excursion means educational tour.

Q10. Ans.(a)

Sol. ‘additional’ is the most suitable answer. (Refer explanation of Q9)

Q11. Ans.(b)


Q12. Ans.(e)


Q13. Ans.(c)


Q14. Ans.(a)


Q15. Ans.(d)



Directions (1-15): in the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed in the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A common belief, even among economists, is that inequality is greater in individualistic societies than in collectivist ones. Individualistic societies are generally …….. (1)…… to be selfish and uncaring towards fellow human beings, which, it is …..(2)……, should cause them to suffer greater economic inequality. It is ……..(3)……..said that in the absence of wealth redistribution by the government, individualistic societies will tend to aggravate inequality.

“Are individualistic societies less equal? Evidence from the parasite stress theory of values”, a 2017 paper by Boris Nikolaev Christopher Boudreaux, and Rauf Salahojdjaev…..(4)….. in the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ……..(5)……., comes to a different conclusion. The authors find that income distribution is actually more equitable in individualistic societies than in collectivist ……..(6)……, . while this sounds counter-intuitive, it makes sense when the actual causes of economic inequality between people are considered.

What differentiates individualistic societies from their collectivist……(7)….. is their belief individual freedom. So, while the population of an individualistic society might believe, for instance, that people are…….(8)…… to the fruits of their labour, collectivist societies put more emphasis on the collective welfare of society. For the same reason, individualistic societies prefer a smaller government that imposes lower taxes and regulations on everyone, while collectivist societies………(9)……..a larger government to impose a greater burden on the rich.

Interestingly, however, the creation of a larger government to redistribute wealth and uphold social justice does no lead to less inequality. In fact, a larger government……..(10)……. Greater opportunities for special interest groups to capture it and forward their own agenda. This ……..(11)…… in fewer economic opportunities for the wider population, which results in lower competition and greater economic inequality. Obviously, this is the opposite of what supporters of a collectivist government want, but reality works against their wishes.

On the other hand, under the rule of a smaller government, economic…….(12)…… are available to a much wider population. Special interest groups have fewer opportunities tro exploit the powers of the government, as there is less ……..(13)…….. on the government to guide the economy in the first place. This leads to greater competition in individualistic societies, ………(14)…….. Translates to lower levels of economic inequality, as ……..(15)…….by the study.


  1. View
  2. Imagined
  3. Call
  4. Considered
  5. Name


  1. Believed
  2. Think
  3. Considering
  4. Mark
  5. Put


  1. Again
  2. Repeated
  3. Further
  4. Back
  5. Farther


  1. Noticed
  2. Refer
  3. Says
  4. Published
  5. Outrage


  1. From
  2. However
  3. Great
  4. Impose
  5. Because


  1. Owing
  2. Ones
  3. Own
  4. Once
  5. One


  1. Partnered
  2. Symbol
  3. Colleague
  4. Counterparts
  5. Set


  1. Entitled
  2. Understand
  3. Seem
  4. Reviewed
  5. Consider


  1. Prefer
  2. Motivated
  3. Referred
  4. Assigning
  5. Activate


  1. See
  2. giving
  3. provides
  4. Handle
  5. Perceive


  1. Causing
  2. Edit
  3. Made
  4. Results
  5. Support


  1. Opportunities
  2. Scenario
  3. Light
  4. Output
  5. Path


  1. Reliability
  2. Reliance
  3. Creation
  4. Works
  5. Interest


  1. Which
  2. Who
  3. Where
  4. Reality
  5. When


  1. Belief
  2. Studied
  3. Confirmed
  4. Inequality
  5. Classifies


Q1. Ans.(d)

Sol. Considered

Q2. Ans.(a)

Sol. Believed

Q3. Ans.(c)

Sol. Further

Q4. Ans.(d)

Sol. Published

Q5. Ans.(b)

Sol. However

Q6. Ans.(b)

Sol. Ones

Q7. Ans.(d)

Sol. Counterparts

Q8. Ans.(a)

Sol. Entitled

Q9. Ans.(a)

Sol. Prefer

Q10. Ans.(c)

Sol. Provides

Q11. Ans.(d)

Sol. Results

Q12. Ans.(a)

Sol. Opportunities

Q13. Ans.(b)

Sol. Reliance

Q14. Ans.(a)

Sol. Which

Q15. Ans.(c)

Sol. confirmed


Directions (1-15): in the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested, one of which of it’s the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case.

India’s external balance sheet may have improved significantly since the infamous taper tantrum of 2013, but there are now

____(1)____ that warrant more caution from policymakers. Last week, the current account deficit (CAD) widened to a four-year high of $14.3 billion in the first quarter of the current financial year, standing at 2.4% of gross domestic product, ___(2)___ to 0.1% last year. The widening CAD __(3)____ driven by a greater increase in merchandise imports___(4)___ exports. A strong capital account surplus, however, has helped the country __(5)____ for its import bills without much trouble. Foreign investors starved of yield have been stepping up their investments in India, which remains one of the few places offering higher yields. Compared to last year, net FDI almost doubled to $7.2 billion in the first quarter, while net portfolio investment jumped about six times to $12.5 billion. The strong inflow of foreign capital has also ___(6)___ to a significant increase in foreign reserve holdings, thanks to the Reserve Bank of India which has been busy buying dollars to weaken the rupee. Forex reserves were at an all-time high of $400.7 billion for the week ending September 8, while the drupe has appreciated by over 6% against the dollar this year. Low global oil prices ___(7)____ the last two years have also helped contain a good portion of its import bills.

All this might change with the impending tightening of monetary policy by the U.S. federal Reserve and other central banks. After all, emerging Asian markets have been the __(8)____ beneficiaries of loose monetary policy in the West, so any change in stance would most definitely affect them. Indian companies, for instance, have aggressively tapped into the market for rupee-denominated foreign debt, which can work ____(9)___them if the flow of foreign capital turns volatile. The RBI has been regulating the ___10)___and quality of such borrowings, so it may seem like things are under control for now. Further, India’s total external debt declined by 2.7% during the financial year 2016-17, standing at $471.98 billion, driven by a fall in external commercial borrowings and deposits by non-resident Indians. The World Bank, in fact has said that India’s external dynamics ____(11)_____ very favorable given the size of its economy and foreign reserve holdings. But a prolonged period of unfavorable trade balance when combined with volatile international capital flows can ___(12)___to unsavoury macroeconomic situations. According to a ___(13)___ by India Ratings& Rea=search earlier this year, a 10% depreciation of the rupee combined with a 50 basis point interest rate ___(14)___ can severely affect most Indian borrowers. It added that as much as 65% of foreign debt exposure of Indian companies may be unhedged. As the world looks to withdraw from an era of historically low interest rates, it would be wise for India’s policymakers to be ready with an ___(15)____ plan to tackle a period of significant volatility.


  1. Style
  2. Format
  3. Signs
  4. Decision
  5. Way


  1. Seen
  2. Compared
  3. Observed
  4. Said
  5. Revised


  1. Are
  2. Have been
  3. Will be
  4. Were
  5. Was


  1. When
  2. Then
  3. Than
  4. Though
  5. About


  1. Select
  2. Appropriate
  3. Given
  4. Pay
  5. Comprehend


  1. Prone
  2. Sponsored
  3. Led
  4. Flow
  5. Combined


  1. During
  2. Over
  3. At
  4. About
  5. Between


  1. Bigger
  2. Significance
  3. Biggest
  4. Sustainable
  5. Larger


  1. Beside
  2. Against
  3. According
  4. For
  5. Alternate


  1. Amount
  2. Detailed
  3. Detection
  4. Coin
  5. Bank


  1. Stock
  2. Remain
  3. Stop
  4. Imagine
  5. Answer


  1. Lead
  2. Sufficient
  3. Name
  4. Resolve
  5. Answer


  1. Thought
  2. Report
  3. Paper
  4. View
  5. Points


  1. Decline
  2. Increased
  3. Booster
  4. Accent
  5. Hike


  1. Analogus
  2. Emergency
  3. Alternating
  4. Trust
  5. Pre plan


Q1. Ans.(c)

Sol. Option C is the correct choice.

Q2. Ans.(b)

Sol. Option B is the correct choice.

Q3. Ans.(e)

Sol. Was is the correct choice as sentence indicate a past event.

Q4. Ans.(c)

Sol. Than is the apt choice at than is used for introducing the second element in a comparison.

Q5. Ans.(d)

Sol. Option d is the correct choice.

Q6. Ans.(c)

Sol. Option c is the correct choice.

Q7. Ans.(b)

Sol. Option b is the correct choice.

Q8. Ans.(c)

Sol. Option c is the correct choice.

Q9. Ans. (b)

Sol. Option b is the correct choice

Q10. Ans.(a)

Sol. Option a is the correct choice

Q11. Ans.(b)

Sol. Option b is the correct choice


Sol. option a is the correct choice

Q13. Ans.(b)

Sol. Option b is the correct choice

Q14. Ans.(e)

Sol. Option e is the correct choice

Q15. Ans.(b)

Sol. Option b is the correct choice


Directions (1-10): in the passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Each blank has for alternative words given in options (A), (B), (C) and (D). you have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

The idea of the documentary was …1…(deceive) by Anubhav in the year 2007 while he was …2…(attaining) to his undergraduate course …3…(off) the Western International University, New Delhi, India as a possible …4…(enmity) for an annual interuniversity competition …5…(furor) SIFE ()Students in Free Enterprise) …6…(as well as) his institution rejected his …7…(prosperous) on account of non-feasibility. …8… (Sincere) then he is independently working on this documentary and has …9… (Likewise) interviewed famous personalities from all walks of …10… (Sphere).


(a) Accepted

(b) Conceived

(c) Borrowed

(d) Taken

(e) No change required


(a) Attending

(b) Arriving

(c) Catching


(e) No change required


(a) On

(b) In

(c) At


(e) No change required


(a) Exit

(b) Entry

(c) Retirement

(d) Allocation

(e) No change required


(a) For

(b) From

(c) If

(d) Form

(e) No change required


(a) Except

(b) Only

(c) But

(d) Yet

(e) No change required


(a) Angle

(b) Proposal

(c) Motion

(d) News

(e) No change required


(a) Since

(b) Nearby

(c) Convenient

(d) Beside

(e) No change required


(a) Presently

(b) Lastly

(c) old


(e) No change required


(a) Light

(b) Live

(c) Alone

(d) Life

(e) No change required


Q1. Ans. (b)

Sol. Conceive – form or devise (a plan or idea) in the mind

Q2. Ans. (a)

Sol. To attend – be present at (an event, meeting, or function

Q3. Ans. (c)

Sol. Preposition ‘at’ is correct here.)

Q4. Ans. (b)

sol. ‘entry’ in the competition.

Q5. Ans. (a)

Sol. ‘for’ preposition is apt here.

Q6. Ans. (c)

Sol. ‘but’ shows contradiction in the idea

Q7. Ans. (b)

Sol. Rejected his proposal is right phrase.

Q8. Ans. (a)

Sol. ‘Since then’ shows period of time

Q9. Ans. (d)

Sol. Already is correct adverb

Q10. Ans. (d)

Sol. ‘all walks of life’ is correct phrase.


Directions (1-10): in the passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Each blank has for alternative words given in options (A), (B), (C) and (D). you have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e. “No change required”.

The increasing cost of higher education in the United States has been a …(1)…(contrast) topic for debate in recent decades. American society ….(2)… (denigrate) the importance of education after high school yet the cost of undergraduate and advanced degrees continually rises at a greater rate than …(3)…(inflammation).

According to the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, cost factors

Prevent 48% of college-qualified high school graduates from …(4)…(pursuing) further education (McKeon, 2004, p. 45). The current system requires the majority of students to …(5)… (Dissipate) extensive debt with the expectation that they gain …(6)…(unprofitable) post-graduate employment to repay their loans. The cost of higher education raises several …(7)… (Ethical) issues. Among these are the perpetuation of the cycle of debt in American commercial society, the ….(8)… (Hypothetical) of differing higher education institutions and cost, and the resulting socioeconomic and racial inequities in college demographics. Both an examination of the current trends and figures and a closer look at a real life example show the troublesome state of higher education and its …(9)…(affect) on our commercial society.

Research indicates a steep upward trend in the cost of higher education throughout the 20th century. In recent decades, America has witnessed a widening gap between inflation and tuition. An incoming freshman at a typical college …(10)… (infer) charges for tuition, university fees, books, room and board, and other miscellaneous items.


  1. Contempt
  2. Constant
  3. Continuing
  4. Contrite
  5. No change required


  1. Immaculate
  2. Immune
  3. Inimical
  4. Emphasizes
  5. No change required


  1. Inflation
  2. Inference
  3. Innocuous
  4. Incongruous
  5. No change required


  1. Prefer
  2. Perpetual
  3. Perfunctory
  4. Predilection
  5. No change required


  1. Accrue
  2. Accumulate
  3. Acrimonious
  4. Accredited
  5. No change required


  1. Lascivious
  2. Luscious
  3. Lucrative
  4. Capricious
  5. No change required


  1. Amoral
  2. Ethereal
  3. Exquisite
  4. Immoral
  5. No change required


  1. Hierarchy
  2. Dichotomy
  3. Trichotomy
  4. Transgression
  5. No change required


  1. Arcane
  2. Affirmative
  3. Effective
  4. Effect
  5. No change required






No change required



Sol. Continue (verb), gerund or present participle: continuing

Meaning: persist in an activity or process. In the given blank, we need a verb form (present perfect continuous tense) that express the idea of continuity, hence, ‘continuing’ is correct word choice.

Q2. Ans.(d)

Sol. “American society “emphasizes” the importance of education after high school”.

Emphasizes is correct word choice in the given context.

Denigrate (verb): criticize unfairly; disparage. Denigrate is totally irrelevant word.

Q3. Ans.(a)

Sol. Inflation meaning: a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money. In this sentence, the comparison is done with inflation.

“the cost of undergraduate and advanced degrees continually rises at a greater rate than inflation.”

Inflammatory (adjective)

Meaning: relating to or causing inflammation of a part of the body. This is totally out of the context word.

Q4. Ans. (e)

Sol. Pursuing – is correct word choice.

Pursue-to carry on or continue (a course of action, a train of thought, an inquiry, studies, etc.).

Q5. Ans.(b)

Sol. Accumulate –gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.

Accumulate correctly fits in the context of the sentence. “The current system required the majority of students to accumulate extensive debt with the expectation that” dissipate

Meaning- (with reference to a feeling or emotion) disappear or cause to disappear. Hence, dissipate is totally irrelevant word to fit in this context.

Q6. Ans.(c)

Sol. Lucrative-producing a great deal of profit. According to the context we need positive word that express profit-making. Hence lucrative is correct word choice.

Q7. Ans.(e)

Sol. Ethical-elating to moral principles or the branch of knowledge dealing with these. Ethical is correct word choice and express the idea correctly conveyed in the sentence.

Q8. Ans.()

Sol. Hierarchy-a system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority. “ the hierarchy of differing higher education institutions and cost, and the resulting socioeconomic and racial inequities in college demographics.” Hierarchy fits in the context of the sentence correctly.

Q9. Ans.()

Sol. Effect is a noun and affect is a verb. In this context, we need a noun form. Hence ‘effect’ is correct word choice.

Q10. Ans.(b)

Sol. Incur-become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behaviour or actions. Infer-deduce or conclude (something) from evidence and reasoning rather than from explicit statements. Infers is correct choice.


Directions (1-10): in the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed in the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

April 26 in world intellectual property (IP) days over the years, global IP..(1)…have steadily expanded beyond World Trade Organization (WTO) requirements, thanks to free trade agreements such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) which India is currently …(2)….with it s trading partners. But there is new cause for worry. Apart from increasing the scope of existing IP rights, there is a move to create new IP-like rights. A case in point is data exclusivity over clinical trial data submitted by drug companies to the regulatory authorities for market approval, the grant of which could severely undermine access to medicines. The propensity to expand the universe of IP is not new: businesses have demanded patent protection for the way they do business; motorcycle manufacturers have got into dispute over the trademark on the exhaust sound of motorcycles; and animal activists have fought for copyright in a selfie taken by monkey. IP in the modern world defies definition, transcends boundaries and has become synonymous with ascribing value to things that we don’t fully understand. The issue of whether India should offer data exclusivity – one of the key issues discusses in the RCEP—is tied to our understanding of what amounts to IP and whether we are obliged to protect it.

Data exclusivity prevents drug …(3)… from referring to or relying on data submitted by an originator company relating to a drug’s safety and …(4)… while approving bioequivalent versions of the same drug, i.e. therapeutically equivalent generics and biosimilars for a fixed period of time. A drug that comes to the market for the first time undergoes extensive pre clinical and clinical trials on animals initially and human beings later before it is introduced for public use – a time- Consuming and expensive process. Developed countries, on behalf of their pharmaceutical lobbies, seek data exclusivity in developing countries arguing that this is necessary to recognize and incentivize the efforts put in to bring a new drug to the market along with recovering the research and development costs incurred – arguments similar to those used to justify the grant of patents. However, such exclusivity would prevent market entry of generic versions of the drug, which could be …(5)… to the larger public interest. Pharmaceutical companies have been pushing for data exclusivity to prolong already existing…(6)… and delay competition from generics even after the expiry of the 20-year patent term or to gain exclusivity on non-patented drugs. In India, such a system may negate the impact of section 3(d0 of the patents Act, which disallows ever greening patents.

With data exclusivity, a company could nevertheless gain exclusive rights over such drugs even though they are not patented. This is because during the period of exclusivity, regulators are barred from using the originators’ data to grant marketing approval to generics; generic companies would then be required to repeat the entire cycle of clinical trials already conducted instead of merely establishing bioequivalence to prove efficacy. As seen in countries where data exclusivity is granted, generic companies so not undertake such clinical trials and their versions of the drug accordingly stay off the market as long as the period of data exclusivity lasts. With restricted market entry of generics, artificially high drug prices remain which puts medicines beyond public reach. Apart from the financial costs, repeated clinical trials on human subjects raise ethical and moral concerns. Unlike in the West, India does not offer data exclusivity and allows bioequivalent generics to be registered based on, among other things, trial data available in the ….(7)….domain.

The argument that clinical trial data needs exclusivity in the light of the money expended is an untenable one. Automotive companies spend millions of dollars on data generated in car crash tests to ensure passenger and …(8)… safety. Automotive companies have not made any …(9)…claim on the data generated, yet. Unlike automotive companies which use crash test dummies, pharmaceutical companies that test their drugs on human subjects have a greater obligation to make the data public and IP-free. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) does not mandate data exclusivity. Providing data exclusivity is a TRIPS-plus measure. According IP-like protection to data exclusivity is not advisable for three reasons.

First, it is an absolute protection granted without any institutional check such as opposition and revocation as available in other forms of IP and ends up as an irrevocable exclusivity to the originator. Second, the U.S. Supreme Court in Mayo v. Prometheus, 132 S. Ct, 1289 (2012) has excluded …(10)… protection to biological correlations, terming it as an extension of natural laws, extending IP-like protection to clinical observations – the primary objective of data exclusivity – will open a window to claim exclusivity in a subject matter traditionally excluded under patent law. Third, offering IP – like exclusivity solely on the basis of money spent in regulatory testing will set a bad precedent for other industries that may now claim an IP when there is none.


  1. Assembly
  2. Values
  3. Standards
  4. Morals
  5. Mortal


  1. Fighting
  2. Demonstrating
  3. Assembling
  4. Neglecting
  5. Negotiating


  1. Regulators
  2. Addict
  3. Conflict
  4. Usurp
  5. Manufacturer


  1. Inefficient
  2. Efficacy
  3. Danger
  4. Security
  5. Adrenal


  1. appealing
  2. Hazardous
  3. Beneficial
  4. Detrimental
  5. Acceptable


  1. Monocytes
  2. Monotony
  3. Monogamous
  4. Monogamy
  5. Monopoly


  1. Personal
  2. Public
  3. Private
  4. Particular
  5. Patriarch


  1. Pedestrian
  2. Perennial
  3. Peripheral
  4. Peripheral
  5. Parochial


  1. Propensity
  2. Property
  3. Proper
  4. Proprietary
  5. Propitious


  1. Patient
  2. Patent
  3. Petulant
  4. Petal
  5. Pertinent

Directions (11-15): In each of the following questions a related pair of words is followed by for pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.


  1. Menagerie : animals
  2. Field : grass
  3. Botany : herbs
  4. Grotesque : jokes
  5. None of these


  1. Blood : heart
  2. Pen : tool
  3. Sorcery : spirits
  4. Novel : prose
  5. None of these


  1. Sequence : energy
  2. Color : voltage
  3. Time : work
  4. Revolution : illumination
  5. None of these


  1. whiskey : corn
  2. Bourbon : hops
  3. Bread : yeast
  4. Vodka : grapes
  5. None of these


  1. Fetish : aversion
  2. Bias : disinterested
  3. Noisome : fetid
  4. Predisposition : fairness
  5. None of these


Q1. Ans.(c)

Sol. Standards fits in the context of the sentence correctly. “Global IP standards: is correct phrase, other options are irrelevant.

Q2. Ans.((e)

Sol. Negotiating – fits in the context of the context of the sentence correctly RCEP is negotiating with its trading partners. Other options are irrelevant.

Q3. Ans. (a)

Sol. Regulator- a person or body that supervises a particular industry or business activity, regular fits in the context of the sentence correctly

Q4. Ans. (b)

Sol. Efficacy – the ability to produce a desired or intended result. Efficacy-fits in the context of the sentence correctly.

Q5. Ans.(d)

Sol. Detrimental – tending to cause harm. Other options are irrelevant.

Q6. Ans.(e)

Sol. Monopoly – the exclusive possession or control of the supply of our trade in a commodity or service.

“Monopoly of Pharmaceutical companies”. Hence, monopoly is appropriate word.

Q7. Ans.(b)

Sol. “trial data available in the PUBLIC domain.” Public is appropriate word.

Q8. Ans.(a)

Sol. Automotive companies spend millions of dollars on data generated in car crash tests to ensure passenger and pedestrian safety. Use of the word pedestrian appropriate.

Q9 ans.(d)

Sol. Proprietary-relating to an owner or ownership. “automotive companies have not made any proprietary/ownership claim on the data generated, yet”. Hence, this word correctly fits in the context of the sentence correctly.

Q10. Ans.(b)

Sol. Patent-a government authority or licence conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or setting an invention. ‘patent’ is appropriate word and complete the meaning or the sentence correctly.

Q11. Ans.(a)

Sol. Arboretum is botanical gar den – plants (for study) or display – menagerie is a collection of animals a9for display)

Q12. Ans. (b)

Sol. Diabetes is a type of disease; pen is type of tool.

Q13. Ans.(c)

Sol. Chronometer (clock) measures time; ergometer measures work done.

Q14. Ans.(a)

Sol. Beer is made from barley; whisky is made from corn (corn rye or barley).

Q15. Ans. (c)

Sol. Fusty and misty are synonyms; nolsome and fetid are synonyms.



Directions (1-10): in the following passage, there are some blanks to be filled by appropriate word from the given options. Choose the correct word and mark it as your answer.

Demonetization of high denomination bank notes was in ….1…. of a series of measures taken by our Government during the last two years. It is a bold and decisive …2… for several decades, tax evasion for many has become a way of life. This compromises the larger public interest and creates unjust enrichment in favor of the tax evader, to the detriment of the poor and …3…. this has bred a parallel economy which is unacceptable for an inclusive ….4…. demonetization seeks to create a new ‘normal’ wherein the GDP would be bigger, cleaner and real. This exercise is part of our Government’s …5… to eliminate corruption, black money, counterfeit currency and terror funding. Like all reforms, this measure is obviously…..6…, as it seeks to change the retrograde….7…. drop in economic activity, if any, on account of the currency squeeze during the remonetisation….8…. is expected to have only a ….9…. impact on the economy. I am reminded here ….10….. What the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, had said: “right cause never fails”.


  1. Continue
  2. Continuation
  3. Contribute
  4. Contrive
  5. Console


  1. Marigold
  2. Manner
  3. meager
  4. Measure
  5. Merrier


  1. Deprived
  2. Decided
  3. Deciduous
  4. Detrimental
  5. Diminish


  1. Sonorous
  2. Socio-economic
  3. Sociology
  4. Social
  5. Society


  1. Repetition
  2. Repulsive
  3. Resolve
  4. Reprimand
  5. Ruckus


  1. Dissolute
  2. Dissolve
  3. Disbursal
  4. Disturbing
  5. Disruptive


  1. Carte blanche
  2. Status quo
  3. Bona fide
  4. Faux pas
  5. Ad nauseam


  1. Period
  2. Paranoid
  3. Parabola
  4. Panoramic
  5. Pandemonium


  1. Intransitive
  2. Transitive
  3. Transient
  4. Transverse
  5. Travesty


  1. With
  2. Off
  3. About
  4. Of
  5. Around


Q1. Ans (b)

Sol. Continuation – the action of carrying something on over time or the state of being carried on.

Q2. Ans (d)

Sol. Measure-assess the importance, effect, or value of (something).

Q3. Ans (a)

Sol. Deprived-suffering a severe and damaging lack of basic material ad cultural benefits.

Q4. Ans(e)

Sol. Society- is correct word.

Q5. Ans (c)

Sol. Resolve-settle or find a solution to (a problem or contentious matter).

Q6. Ans (e)

Sol. Disruptive – innovative or ground breaking.

Q7. Ans (b)

Sol. Status quo- the existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues.

Q8. Ans (a)

Sol. Period-a length or portion of time.

Q9. Ans (c)

Sol. Transient-lasting only for a short time; impermanent.

Q10. Ans (d)

Sol. Preposition ‘of’ is correct.